First Myanmar business environment index published
Businesses in Myanmar are concerned about infrastructure quality and skilled labour availability, the latest report on private sector economic governance reveals.
The Asia Foundation has published the Myanmar Business Environment Index 2019 (MBEI), with support from the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) through the DaNa Facility. The report is a diagnostic tool for government and the private sector to better understand the local business environment. It aims to provide the authorities at different levels with evidence to pursue decentralised economic governance reforms.
Six key findings were high-lighted by the report which includes the issue of formalisation, difficulty of bureaucratic proce-dures, businesses’ concerns, and challenges.
Based on a nationwide survey of 4874 businesses in the services and manufacturing sectors, the MBEI reflects the feedback from private enterprises across the country.
The study measures ten components of good economic governance and provides insights and analysis that government may use to further improve Myanmar’s business environment.
Inclusive economic growth is the most powerful tool to address poverty and create a prosperous society, said Tom Coward, Inclusive Growth team leader of DFID.
“A growing and thriving private sector is at the heart of this,” Mr Coward added. “We want to create an environment where responsible business is regulated in a way that means it can invest and grow, and which will create jobs and economic opportunities for the people of Myanmar.”
The key findings are:
85pc of Myanmar businesses have at least
one documented proof of formalisation; in most cases it is an operating license from the township or City Development Committee.
Regulation and administrative procedures for businesses after they have become legal to operate are not burdensome by international comparison;
Many SMEs in Myanmar are in sectors that could be impacted by environmental harm and therefore show a strong preference for a clean environment
Recruitment of qualified workers, particularly technicians and managers, is a major challenge for businesses in Myanmar.
Quality of infrastructure is a severe concern for businesses, particularly with respect to road and electrical infrastructure.
Critical documents for business planning, such as local budgets, are often unavailable to the average business owner.